TYPES OF AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE?

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Auto-Immune Diseases

Top 10 Auto-Immune Diseases

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis - The immune system produces antibodies that attach to the linings of joints. Immune system cells then attack the joints, causing inflammation, swelling, and pain and  gradually causes permanent joint damage

 

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus) - People with lupus develop autoimmune antibodies that can attach to tissues throughout the body. The joints, lungsblood cells, nerves, and kidneys are commonly affected in lupus. Treatment often requires daily oral prednisone, a steroid that reduces immune system function.

 

 

 

  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome - The immune system attacks the nerves controlling muscles in the legs and sometimes the arms and upper body. Weakness results, which can sometimes be severe. Filtering the blood with a procedure called plasmapheresis is the main treatment for Guillain-Barre syndrome.

 

  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy - Similar to Guillian-Barre, the immune system also attacks the nerves in CIDP, but symptoms last much longer. About 30% of patients can become confined to a wheelchair if not diagnosed and treated early. Treatment for CIDP and GBS are essentially the same.

 

  • Psoriasis - In psoriasis, overactive immune system blood cells called T-cells collect in the skin. The immune system activity stimulates skin cells to reproduce rapidly, producing silvery, scaly plaques on the skin.

 

  • Graves' Disease - The immune system produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland to release excess amounts of thyroid hormone into the blood (hyperthyroidism). Symptoms of Graves' disease can include bulging eyes as well as weight loss, nervousness, irritability, rapid heart rate, weakness, and brittle hair. Destruction or removal of the thyroid gland, using medicines or surgery, is usually required to treat Graves' disease.

 

  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis - Antibodies produced by the immune system attack the thyroid gland, slowly destroying the cells that produce thyroid hormone. Low levels of thyroid hormone develop (hypothyroidism), usually over months to years. Symptoms include fatigueconstipationweight gain, depression, dry skin and sensitivity to the cold.

 

  • Crohn's Disease - Affects your digestive system and is characterized by symptoms such as diarrhea, intense abdominal cramping, and severe weight loss. The Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America suggest that around 1.6 million Americans are diagnosed with this common autoimmune disease. Although there is no clear link as to why some people develop this condition, a controlled diet, medication, and even surgery can be necessary.